Prerequisites are listed for those courses with such requirements. When no prerequisite is listed in a course description it is implied that there is no prerequisite.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence I
BASI 1501 provides an overview of cell structure and function, including topics on molecular cell biology, metabolism, epithelium, general connective tissues, and blood. Module 1: Cell Biology outlines the basic histological structure and biochemical function of the cell. Module 2: Molecular Cell Biology and Metabolism focuses on transcription, translation, control of gene expression, and normal cell metabolism. Module 3: Epithelium, General Connective Tissues, and Blood defines the basic structure, function and biochemical characteristics of two basic histological tissues: epithelium and connective tissue. This module also includes an introduction to peripheral blood cells and hematopoiesis. The biochemical basis of hemostasis is described. Disorders of hemostasis and their consequences are discussed.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence II
BASI 1502 provides an overview of cancer, genetics, lymphatic system and immunology. In Module 4: Cancer and Genetics, emphasis is placed on DNA mutations, polymorphisms, patterns of inheritance in human diseases, cytogenetics, and molecular basis of cancer. Module 5: Lymphatic System and Immunology, includes gross anatomy and histology of the lymphatic system and structure/function of the immune system. Basic precepts of the lymphatic system and immunology will be applied to inflammation, tissue repair and healing. Understanding of immunology will be applied to immune responses to infectious agents. Also included are: development and pathology of immunologically-mediated diseases, immune responses to transplants, cancer, HIV infection, and therapeutic use of drugs affecting the immune system.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence III
BASI 1503 provides an overview of infectious diseases, integument and blood disorders. Module 6: Introduction to Infectious Diseases provides fundamental understanding of basic concepts in microbiology to accurately identify and manage infectious diseases. The information will aid in the management of the patient's health and general well-being. In Module 7: Integument and Blood Disorders, students combine their knowledge of epithelium, connective tissue, and peripheral blood to learn the basic structure and function of the integument. This module further describes common infections and pathologies of the integument as well as blood-borne infections and blood disorders.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence IV
BASI 1504 provides an overview of the Peripheral Nervous System (Module 8) and the Musculoskeletal System (Module 9). Module 8 begins with lectures that discuss the embryology, histology, and anatomy of nervous tissue. Mechanisms of neurotransmission including development of action potentials and synaptic transmission are described. Structure and function of the vertebral column, spinal cord, and autonomic nervous system are discussed. Common diseases of peripheral nerves are included. Module 9 includes the structure and function of skeletal and smooth muscle and the development of bone and cartilage. Neuromuscular transmission and the molecular basis of muscle contraction are discussed. Diseases of bone and soft tissues are included. This module contains three laboratory sessions that describe upper extremity anatomy and function.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence V
BASI 1505 contains two modules. This course provides an introduction to the structure and function of the Cardiovascular (Module 10) and Respiratory Systems (Module 11). The cardiovascular module begins with a discussion of the anatomy, histology, and embryological development of the heart and circulatory system. Other topics included are cardiac muscle function, electrophysiology of cardiac muscle, cardiac cycle and cardiac performance. Control of cardiovascular function will integrate discussions of hemodynamics, regional circulation and arterial blood pressure. Discussion of the respiratory system in Module 11 includes the anatomy and histology of the respiratory system, mechanics of breathing, gas transport, and regulation of respiration. Relevant topics in microbiology, pathophysiology and pathology will be described in both modules.
Basic Science Integrated Sequence VI
BASI 1506 contains two modules. The first module provides an overview of the Urogenital System (Module 12). The second module describes the Endocrine System (Module 13). Topics in module 12 include the anatomy of the urogenital system, histology of the urinary system, renal tubular transport mechanisms, the production of urine, the control of extracellular fluid volume, and acid/base balance. Diseases of the urogenital tract are discussed. In module 13 the disciplines of histology and physiology provide an overview of the basic structure and normal function of the endocrine system. Topics in Module 13 include the hypothalamic control of endocrine secretion and regulation of individual endocrine organs. Common disorders of the endocrine system are discussed by the pathology faculty.
Basic Science Integrated Systems VII
BASI 1507 is composed of one module titled Gross Anatomy of the Head and Neck (Module 14). This module provides instruction in the fundamental head and neck gross anatomy information required for clinical training. Three-dimensional relationships among anatomical structures are reinforced by in-depth dissections of the head and neck. Students are expected to use this anatomical information to elucidate and solve case-based problems commonly seen in clinical practice.
Basic Science Integrated Systems VIII
This course is composed of one module entitled Clinical Neuroscience (Module 15). This module provides instruction in the structure and function of the nervous system. Topics included are: the basic internal anatomy of the central nervous system, the structure and function of the visual, somatosensory and descending motor systems, and the cerebral cortex. Common pathologies and clinical concerns are discussed.
Basic Science Integrated Systems IX
BASI 1509 is composed of two modules. The first module provides an overview of the Structure and Function of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems (Module 16). The second module provides instruction in the Gastrointestinal System (Module 17) and includes topics such as: chewing, swallowing and digestion. In both modules, gross anatomical, histological, physiological, microbiological, and pathological aspects of the systems are discussed as appropriate.
CORE 1560, 1570, 1580
The Interdisciplinary Healthcare course involves the Colleges of Dental Medicine, Health Sciences, Optometry, Osteopathic Medicine, and Pharmacy. The course is designed to teach all clinically-based students about each other's clinical programs and how they interact together as part of an interdisciplinary healthcare team: cardiovascular sciences, clinical psychology, dental medicine, nurse anesthesia, occupational therapy, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, physician assistant, physical therapy and podiatry students learn about the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to patient care. The class consists primarily of online presentations that are delivered by interdisciplinary team members from each of the clinical programs. Associated quizzes will also be completed online. Occasional lectures will also be given in the classroom in a seminar format or in conjunction with panel presentations.
Credits: 0.5 credits each course
OPTO 1510, 1520, 1530
Clinical Services, Theory & Methods I, II, III
This course sequence is an introduction to the primary optometric examination including medical and ocular history, visual acuity, color vision, cover test, depth perception, pupillary reaction, external ocular examination, retinoscopy and ophthalmoscopy. Students will be required to use an electronic patient record and patient appointment software.
Credits: 3 credits each course
Contemporary Issues in Health Care and Ethics
This course introduces students to the current issues faced by providers of primary eye care as well as ethical precepts that serve as foundations to providing health care to the public. Included is the history of optometry and the dynamic role of optometry in present day health systems.
Optometry Business Management I
This course surveys the profession of optometry up to present day, provides details about planning for personal, professional and financial goals, managing debt, and building credit worthiness to prepare for professional life. Optometric career choices, modes and scope of optometric practice, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the various paths are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the steps that should be initiated to prepare for a professional career.
OPTO 1540, 1550
Geometric and Physical Optics I, II
The optics of reflection, refraction at single spherical surfaces, thick lenses, prisms, and thin lenses will be covered in this sequence. Characteristics of electromagnetic waves, diffraction, interference, fluorescence, and polarization will be explained. Students will gain an appreciation of optics of telescopes, microscopes, other instruments, and photonic methods of imaging in healthcare.
Credits: 4 credits each course
for OPTO 1550 Geometric and Physical Optics II: OPTO 1540 Geometric and Physical Optics I
The course presents a detailed discussion of ocular gross and microscopic anatomy as a basis for understanding systemic and ocular pathophysiology as well as some anomalies of monocular and binocular visual processes. A general review of histology is presented as background for an intensive consideration of the microscopic anatomy of the normal eye.
The course allows the student to understand and appreciate the physiology and pathophysiology of the tissues and physiological units of the eye including the eyelids, ocular tear film, cornea, aqueous humor, iris, lens, vitreous, retina and the visual pathways. Students will gain an understanding of the relationship of ocular physiology to ocular pharmacology and ocular pathophysiology.
OPTO 1560 Ocular Anatomy
Visual Science: Monocular Sensory Processing
The basic aspects of monocular vision, including light and dark adaptation, color vision, spatial and temporal resolution will be discussed. Gross electrical potentials and photometry will be explained. Students will learn how to measure visual performance and understand its application to clinical optometry.
Visual Science: Ocular Motility
This course focuses on characteristics, control, and deficits of the five somatic eye movement systems (convergence, saccadic version, pursuit, version, fixation maintenance, vestibular reflex) and the autonomic systems subserving accommodation, pupillary diameter and reflexes. The physiology of the extraocular muscles and their relationship to strabismus is included in the course.
Optometry Business Management II
The emphasis of this course is on enhancing a student’s interpersonal skills and professionalism as part of patient care. Using a lecture/workshop format, emphasis is placed on the ethical implications of professional practice. Doctor/patient communication methods, practice marketing, patient retention, office production and benchmarking are presented. Clinico-legal aspects from record keeping, patient confidentiality, documentation, coding and billing, record release, and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) issues are also covered.
Visual Science: Binocular Vision
Students will learn about binocular sensory mechanisms of vision. This course will focus on the geometry of space and stereovision, and the underlying neuroanatomy and physiology of binocular vision. This course will include a discussion of the horopter, retinal correspondence, stereopsis, fusion, fixation disparity, rivalry and aniseikonia.
This course considers the eye as an optical system, including schematic eye models, refractive error, optical characteristics of the eye, stimulus to accommodation, retinal image size and quality, purkinje images, entoptic phenomena, presbyopia, aphakia, intraocular implants and effects of radiation.
OPTO 1550 Geometric and Physical Optics II
OPTO 1630, 1632
Ophthalmic Optics I, II
This course sequence covers design and application of ophthalmic materials, the study of the physical and optical characteristics of ophthalmic single vision and multifocal lens designs; ophthalmic prisms; absorptive lenses, and the measurement and fitting of lenses and frames.
Credits: 4 credits each course
for OPTO 1632 Ophthalmic Optics II: OPTO 1630 Ophthalmic Optics I
OPTO 1640, 1642, 1644
Ocular Disease I, II, III
This course sequence covers in depth signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, clinical course, differential diagnosis, treatment and management of ocular diseases including the anterior and posterior segment and ocular adnexa.
Credits: 3 credits each course
OPTO 1648, 1649, 1740
Contact Lens I, II, III
This course sequence includes a discussion of the theory and practice of contact lens design and contact lens fitting methodologies. Areas of discussion include corneal topography, design of materials, fabrication and modification of contact lenses, fitting and evaluation methodologies and procedures. Additionally, this course sequence will explore more advanced topics such as high and irregular astigmatism, keratoconic patients, presbyopic patients, post-surgical and posttrauma fitting considerations, and care for patients seeking prosthetic eyes.
Credits: OPTO 1648 Contact Lens I: 3 credits;OPTO 1649 Contact Lens II: 3 credits;OPTO 1740 Contact Lens III: 2 credits.
OPTO 1650, 1652, 1654
Clinical Services, Theory & Methods IV, V, VI
This course sequence covers instrumentation, examination methods, psychophysical techniques, appropriate patient instructions, protocols and recording of findings. Instruction is provided to foster progressive development of basic examination techniques and assessment of binocular skills, ocular health and primary low vision, vision therapy and contact lens evaluation. Students must successfully complete a proficiency examination at the end of each course before progressing into the next course in the sequence.
Credits: 3 credits each course
Research Design and Biostatistics
Principles of research design and the application of biostatistical methods will be discussed. The course will include an overview of potential studies that the student may choose for their capstone project.
Capstone Project: Literature Search and Study Design
The student will decide on a project hypothesis, conduct a literature search and design the study. The project may be an extensive literature review, a series of clinical cases or an experiment of basic or clinical research design under the mentorship of a faculty member.
This course presents a discussion of the neurophysiological aspects of vision. Basic neurophysiological principles will be reviewed as well as retinal anatomy as a basis for understanding ocular visual neuro-pathophysiology to allow for a better understanding of some anomalies of monocular and binocular visual processes.
This course focuses on the pharmacology of diagnostic and therapeutic agents. Specific topics include pharmacokinetics of the eye, use of autonomic agents, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory and anti-infectious agents, and agents used to treat glaucoma. In addition, ocular effects of systemic medications will be presented.
PHAR 1601, 1621 General Pharmacology I, II
Clinical Medicine/Physical Assessment Laboratory
Students learn how to collect a comprehensive health history and conduct a physical examination. This course discusses the relationship of findings from the health history and physical examination to ocular health conditions and their medical management. Students learn how to interpret clinical chemistry tests results, recognize criteria for referral of patients to other providers, and learn how to perform continuous chest compressions.
Diagnosis and Management of Non-strabismic Disorders of Accommodation, Binocular Vision, and Eye Movements
This course reviews the common non-strabismus diagnoses of accommodation, binocular vision, and eye movements. Specialized testing techniques will be presented as they relate to these diagnoses including tests of accommodative function, heterophoria, fixation disparity, associated phoria, graphical analysis, and various measures of eye movement skills. Appropriate therapies for these diagnoses such as lenses, prisms, and vision therapy will be outlined, and applications to sports-related visual skills will be discussed.
OPTO 1624 Visual Science: Binocular Vision
Diagnosis and Management of Strabismus and Amblyopia I
This course will emphasize the principles of evaluation and management of strabismus and amblyopia. An organized approach to a comprehensive evaluation is presented and includes the assessment of associated anomalies such as eccentric fixation, suppression, anomalous correspondence, and nonconcomitancy.
Diagnosis and Management of Strabismus and Amblyopia II
This course presents theoretical and clinical considerations in the management of strabismus and amblyopia including the rationale and methods for using lenses, prisms, occlusion, vision therapy, medication, and surgical referrals. Associated anomalies are discussed in terms of their significance and management.
OPTO 1722 Diagnosis and Management of Strabismus and Amblyopia I
Optometry Business Management III
This course is designed to provide educational information and exercises that facilitate the acquisition of knowledge and skills necessary for entering optometric practice. Students will be taught modern business principles and be able to select their preferred mode of practice. The desired outcome of the course is that the student will be able to select and take the steps needed to enter the best practice for their individual needs and future goals.
Pediatric Optometry, Visual Information Processing, and Vision Related Learning Problems
This course will focus on the special needs of the pediatric patient, and present techniques useful in the diagnosis and management of vision problems in the infant and child patient. This course will also consider visual information processing testing and identify deficits that may have an impact on reading and learning. A multidisciplinary approach to the management of learning problems will be presented.
Epidemiology, Public Health and the Optometric Profession
This course is an introduction to the epidemiology of ocular anomalies, overview of public and community health planning and care, and the role of the optometrist in community health promotion.
Capstone Project: Data Collection and Analysis
This course is a continuation of OPTO 1672. The student will further develop the capstone project, collect the data and perform statistical data analysis on data results.
Capstone Project Poster Session
Beginning in the second year, students will develop the skills to design a project and perform statistical analysis of data. The project may be an extensive in depth literature review, a series of clinical cases or experiments of basic or clinical research. Students will be mentored by a faculty member and devote a year to conduct the necessary literature review and collect data. Finally, students will present their manuscript in a publishable format, and deliver a public presentation of the work during the spring of their third professional year.
OPTO 1770, 1771, 1772, 1773
Clinical Services VII, VIII, IX, X
The student will provide primary eye care services under the supervision of clinical faculty. This course series focuses on progressive competence in the diagnosis, treatment and management of visual dysfunctions and ocular conditions. Credit hours will be a minimum of 3 or 4 based on clinical case presentation requirements, and a maximum of 8 credit hours based on the number of assigned clinical experiences.
Credits: OPTO 1770 Clinical Services VII: 4-8 credits;OPTO 1771 Clinical Services VIII: 3-8 credits;OPTO 1772 Clinical Services IX: 3-8 credits;OPTO 1773 Clinical Services X: 4-8 credits.
Board Review: Applied Basic Science
This is a review course in preparation of Part I (Applied Basic Science) of the National Boards.
Visual Rehabilitation is an entry level course, which presents the fundamental knowledge of clinical low vision care and rehabilitation necessary to perform basic low vision examinations during the fourth year clinical rotation, and in a practice setting after graduation. This course is an overview of the strategies for visual rehabilitation examination of patients with visual impairments, neurological issues following traumatic brain injury, and geriatric population in general. The use of optical, non-optical and electronic devices in the rehabilitation process and the role of other professionals such as occupational therapists, social workers, orientation and mobility specialists and physical therapist will be discussed.
The diagnosis and management of neuro-ophthalmic diseases and ocular manifestations of neurological systemic diseases are discussed. Components of the neuro-ophthalmic examination, neuroimaging, and specialty testing are presented.
Clinical Case Analysis I/Evidence Based Medicine
Case presentations from the college clinic or optometric literature that introduce clinical diagnosis, treatment and management of patients using evidence-based clinical protocols will be the focus.
Clinical Case Analysis II/Evidence Based Medicine
The course will present the diagnostic and treatment strategies for common ocular emergencies ranging from minimal trauma to sudden vision loss. Students will gain skills in practicing evidence-based medicine in the management of ocular disease.
OPTO 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830
Clinical Services XI, XII, XIII, XIV
The fourth professional year is designed to promote continued development of the student's emerging clinical problem-solving abilities. This is a series of full-time clinical rotations or externships. Direct patient care in individualized supervised clinical experiences is the focus. Interns will provide eye care services in the Primary Care and Specialty Services (cornea and contact lenses, ocular disease, pediatric optometry, low vision rehabilitation, electro-diagnosis, vision therapy, sports vision and ocular prosthetics) at the Midwestern University Eye Institute or at selected external rotation sites. Clinical decision making will be enhanced through challenging patient care problems that highlight or emphasize differential diagnosis, management decisions, referral decisions and follow-up, as well as address newer techniques and procedures for diagnosis and management.This course is comprised of patient care experiences as well as a seminar series presented weekly during each fourth year clinical rotation in the Eye Institute. The seminars highlight patient care topics including, but not limited to primary care, contact lenses, vision therapy, low vision rehabilitation, ocular therapeutics, practice management, and career preparation. Basic science and clinical science concepts are integrated within the context of these topics. The format of the seminar program includes lectures, workshops, laboratories, grand rounds, demonstrations and small group discussions.
Credits: 18 credits each course
Board Review II: Patient Assessment and Management (Online)
This is a review course in preparation of Part II (Clinical Science) of the National Boards.
PHAR 1601, 1621
General Pharmacology I. II
This course places an emphasis on the physical and chemical properties of the drugs, dosages, and therapeutic effects, methods of administration and indications/contraindications for the use of the drug.
Credits: PHAR 1601 General Pharmacology I: 3 credits;PHAR 1621 General Pharmacology II: 4 credits.
for PHAR 1621 General Pharmacology II: PHAR 1601 General Pharmacology I