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College of Pharmacy

Glendale, AZ Campus

Elective Course Descriptions

College of Pharmacy-Glendale

Abbreviation/Number
Course Name

PPRA 1301/1302

Special Project/Research

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These courses provide an opportunity for students to work with individual faculty mentors on projects of variable scope. Activities may include clinical, library, laboratory, and/or survey-type research; assistance with syllabus development for future elective courses; or other activities agreed on between the student and the mentor. All special projects/research require the approval of the appropriate department chair and Dean.

Credits: PPRA 1301: 1.5 creditsPPRA 1302: 3 credits

PPRA 1313

Managing Prescription Benefits

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This course discusses major factors having direct and indirect influence on pharmaceutical benefits in the U.S. External forces (social, political, and economic) affecting medication use and the policy issues surrounding those forces are explored. Specifically, prescription benefits, reimbursement strategies, methods to manage medication use, the role of prescription benefit management organizations, and technology are examined. Where appropriate, guest lecturers address specific topics.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1329

Clinical Applications of PDAs in Healthcare

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This course introduces the pharmacy student to Microsoft Pocket PC database applications and mobile computing that relate to the practice of pharmacy. The course also allows students to learn concepts and techniques for the systematic creation, storage, reproduction, distribution, and retention of patient records using the latest technologies in handheld computing.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1338

Pharmacy-Based Health Screenings

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Through active participation in lecture discussions and workshops, the student will be prepared to implement health screening programs in pharmacy practice settings. The course focuses on risk factor assessment and hands-on experience with screening devices for cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and osteoporosis. The course also addresses regulatory requirements such as OSHA and CLIA and development of policies and procedures for screening programs.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1339

History of Pharmacy in the United States

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This course is designed to introduce the pharmacy student to the history of pharmacy. This will be accomplished by focusing upon the historical development of pharmacy in the United States by examining the growth and professionalization of the field, its statutory regulation and its product development. Students will be able to apply the lessons of history to current and future practice philosophies.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1346

Diabetes: A Patient's Perspective

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This elective emphasizes the knowledge and skills required for the delivery of diabetes education by focusing on the patient's perspective in the management of the disease. The course builds on the material presented in required courses in the curriculum by examining the barriers faced by patients during self-management and potential solutions for addressing them.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1503 Integrated Sequence 3

PPRA 1348

Personal Finance for the Healthcare Professional

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The objective of this course is to introduce the tools needed to financially succeed after graduation. The class will focus on introduction to the areas of taxes, planning for retirement, investing, debt consolidation, home ownership, money management, and insurance. Students will complete two assignments and have an in-class final exam.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1349

Medication Management in Hospice Patients

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This course is designed to provide an overview of common diseases and symptoms encountered in terminal patients. Emphasis will be placed on the appropriate selection of medications to palliate symptoms such as pain, dyspnea, excess secretions, constipation, diarrhea, hiccups, pruritus, etc. Common diseases include but are not limited to, breast, brain, lung, colon and renal cancers; COPD; dementia; and CHF. Patient cases will be used during each session to illustrate symptom management issues.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1607 Integrated Sequence 7

PPRA 1350

Journal Club

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The goal of this course is for students to improve their ability to find and evaluate recently published information on medications. Each student will give two presentations: one of a newly approved medication and one of a recently published study. Grades will be based on presentations and participation. Enrollment will be limited to 10 to 15 students so the course can be offered as a weekly small group discussion.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PPRA 1676 Evidence-Based Healthcare

PPRA 1411

Pharmacological Management of Chronic Pain

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Upon completion of this course students will understand how to assess pain; understand the differences between addiction, dependence and tolerance; be able to recommend appropriate medication therapies for nociceptive and neuropathic pain; understand the reasons for the multitude of available analgesic choices; understand the role of complementary and alternative medicine; and be conversant with the legal and ethical issues of pain management.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1607 Integrated Sequence 7

PPRA 1413

Introduction to Geriatrics

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This elective course is designed to enhance students' knowledge and skills in senior care pharmacy. The course will provide an introduction to general principles of aging and an overview of geriatric syndromes. Topics include pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes, inappropriate medications and Beers Criteria, falls, weight disorders, and syncope. Students are evaluated on weekly drug regimen review assignments along with a senior interview activity and comprehensive final exam.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1503 Integrated Sequence 3

PPRA 1414

Political Advocacy and Leadership

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Political advocacy and leadership are highly valued in the profession of pharmacy. This elective course provides the requisite knowledge, develops skills, and models behaviors so students can become political advocates and leaders in the profession. The course has three core areas of interest: the legislative process, the advocacy process, and leadership skills. To meet the learning objectives, students will complete written and verbal activities to assess knowledge, skills, and abilities.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PPRA 1591 Introduction to Pharmacy Practice

PPRA 1415

Rare and Interesting Diseases

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This course provides a forum for students to learn how to manage patients with rare and interesting disease states. The pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic tests or procedures, treatment and the pharmacist's role in the management for each disease state/genetic abnormality/adverse drug event will be reviewed. The course simulates clinical practice; professional/respectful/civil behavior is expected of all students and professional dress is encouraged. Activities will simulate patient work up and written/oral presentations in clinical practice.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

Completion of or concurrent enrollment in PHID 1609 Integrated Sequence 9

PPRA 1416

Patient Safety and Quality Assurance

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Examination of medication errors, including the causes and a system of continuous quality improvement. In addition the course examines financial risks, including insurance as a tool for risk shifting. The students are taught how to identify risks of a medication error and how to design and implement a continuous quality improvement program.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PPRA 1694 Introductory Community Experience; PPRA 1695 Introductory Institutional Experience; or some pharmacy practice experience (community, hospital or long term care) and permission of the coordinator.

PPRA 1417

Anticoagulation in Clinical Practice

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This elective course provides students with an overview of the major topics in anticoagulation management encountered in clinical practice. Topics may include prophylaxis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), anticoagulation in various disease states, anticoagulation in special patient populations, and treatment plans requiring modification of anticoagulation. Students will develop a working knowledge and skill set helpful in providing pharmacy-managed anticoagulation services in both the inpatient and ambulatory/community settings.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

Completion of PHID1604 Integrated Sequence 4

PPRA 1418

Nuclear Pharmacy

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This course provides the student an overview of the various aspects of nuclear pharmacy. This includes basic nuclear physics, radiation measurement and safety, regulatory considerations, radiopharmaceutical preparation, products, quality control, and imaging modalities.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PSCI 1564 Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics

PPRA 1419

Topics in Women's Health

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The purpose of this course is to provide an overview of advanced topics in women's health particularly related to reproductive health. Expanded information in topics such as contraception, infertility, drug use in pregnancy, and mood disorders related to pregnancy are provided. The course utilizes various teaching methods including lectures, case studies, readings, assignments, and discussions. Students will develop a working knowledge to aid them in caring for women with gender related disease states.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1503 Integrated Sequence 3

PPRA 1420

Pharmacy Based Immunization Delivery

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This course teaches the skills necessary to become a primary source for vaccine information and administration. It teaches the basics of immunology and focuses on practice implementation and legal/regulatory issues. Students are responsible for the required fee (currently $90). Students must complete 12 hours of self-study prior to the class and must submit the completed material upon arrival to class. If s/he has not completed the study materials, the student will not be allowed to attend the workshop and will not be given a refund.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

MICR 1553 Immunology; and blood borne pathogen training.

PPRA 1421

Dental Health and the Pharmacist

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This course provides an overview of dentistry and its relation to healthcare. Discussion includes questions that pharmacists often are asked regarding oral lesions, injuries to the oral cavity, and efficacy of OTC remedies. Information about various dental specialties will help the pharmacist refer their patients to the appropriate specialist. Misuse and abuse of dental drugs and medications and investigation and enforcement of dental regulations concerning drug abuse will be discussed.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1422

Principles of Pharmacoeconomics for Pharmacists

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Pharmacoeconomics is the study of the costs and contributions of drug therapy to healthcare systems and society. The purpose of this course is 1) to introduce pharmacoeconomics to pharmacy students and 2) to present a theoretical perspective on the role of pharmaceuticals in healthcare as well as various techniques, tools, and strategies to evaluate the economic contributions of specific drug therapies at a policy level and for individual patient needs. The course will rely heavily on review and critical analysis of existing pharmacoeconomics studies.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PSCI 1542 Pharmaceutics 2

PPRA 1423

Advanced Infectious Diseases

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This course is an expansion of the key issues found in the practice of infectious diseases pharmacotherapy. Topics may include, but are not limited to pneumonias, fungal infections, skin and soft tissue infections, MRSA, Clostridium difficile, the clinical microbiology laboratory, and home infusion services. The course will incorporate self-directed learning, lecture, and group case discussion.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1608 Integrated Sequence 8

PPRA 1424

Trials and Tribulations

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This course involves evaluating recently published literature and applying that information to patient cases. It is taught in the “team-based learning” format, which involves an individual quiz, followed by a group quiz, followed by a group application activity (typically, development of a SOAP note). A different disease state will be the focus each week. Grades will be determined based on in-class activities and no exams will be given.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1425

Nutrition and Lifestyle Modification in Pharmacy

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This elective course provides students with an overview of the major nutritional problems in the United States with emphasis on lifestyle modification and counseling that can be done for each disease state or topic. Topics include obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and sport enhancement. This course utilizes a team based learning method with assessment being based on team and individual quiz and exam scores. This is a student-centered learning course designed to begin the process of lifelong learning for students as healthcare professionals.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1426

Putting Your Best Residency Foot Forward

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Post-graduate pharmacy residency programs are highly valuable and are becoming increasingly competitive. This elective course provides guidance on the residency selection decision process, curriculum vita (CV) development, creation of a strong letter of intent and interviewing skills. To meet the learning objectives, students will complete interactive written and verbal activities to demonstrate knowledge, skills, and abilities. Achievement of learning objectives will be evaluated by assessment rubrics tailored to each activity.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1427

Postmenopausal Women’s Health

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This course provides an in-depth review of postmenopausal women’s health issues. Through active participation in patient case studies and class discussion, students will learn to design pharmacotherapeutic plans to address symptoms of menopause during the menopause transition and to reduce risk factors for chronic medical conditions common during this life stage.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1503 Integrated Sequence 3

PPRA 1428

Acute Care Cardiology

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This elective course provides students with an in-depth review and expansion of knowledge regarding the management of medical pharmacotherapy in patients with acute cardiovascular issues, building upon concepts that were introduced in Integrated Sequence 4 and 5. The class is focused on application of knowledge to improve patient care. Learning techniques that will be utilized include lecture, discussion, formulation of a comprehensive medication management plan for patient cases, evaluation of primary literature, and student debates.

Credits: 3

Prerequisites

PHID 1604 & 1605 Integrated Sequence 4 & 5

PPRA 1429

Pharmacometrics

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This course builds upon student’s expertise in pharmacoeconomics, pharmacoepidemiology, biostatistics, and financial management in order to evaluate from an evidence-based perspective both pharmacotherapy and pharmaceutical services. Students will obtain requisite expertise in applied econometrics, financial algebra, and policy analysis.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1430

Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition

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This course focuses on the clinical aspects of nutrition support therapy for patients who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by the oral route. Clinical topics include indications, patient assessment, ordering, administering, monitoring, and adverse effects of both parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) support. Patient safety in hospital and home PEN, drug shortages, and recent advances and research in PEN will be discussed.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1431

Book Club

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This professional elective course is designed to use a book club/current topics format to provide the pharmacy student with an introduction to the art of patient care and the issues healthcare providers face regarding their own biases and stereotypes. The purpose of this course is to thoughtfully tackle some of the assumptions we make as health care providers and explore ways to be more thoughtful in our decisions and care of our patients.

Credits: 1.5

PPRA 1432

Advanced Communication with The Spanish Speaking Patient

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This elective will develop the basic verbal and written skills required to effectively communicate with the Spanish speaking patient in the pharmacy setting. There will be a strong focus on patient interview skills and counseling on the most common topics seen in the community setting. This course assumes the student is already familiar with basic Spanish and therefore introductory level Spanish

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PPRA 1501-1504 Professional Skills Development 1-4; one year of college level Spanish or equivalent, or permission from instructor

PSCI 1301/1302

Special Project/Research

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These courses provide an opportunity for students to work with individual faculty mentors on projects of variable scope. Activities may include clinical, library, laboratory, and/or survey-type research; assistance with syllabus development for future elective courses; or other activities agreed on between the student and the mentor. All special projects/research require the approval of the appropriate department chair and Dean.

Prerequisites

PSCI 1301: 1.5 credits; PSCI 1302: 3 credits

PSCI 1306

Dangerous Plants and Animals

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This course focuses on the recognition and identification of dangerous plants and animals found primarily, but not exclusively, in Arizona. Students learn to assess poisoning situations and recommend management scenarios. Lectures and workshops involving case studies and field trips are utilized.

Credits: 1.5

PSCI 1319

Medical Spanish

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This course provides students with the communication skills necessary to provide care to the Spanish-speaking patient. Upon completion, students will have an expanded general Spanish vocabulary (selected nouns, verbs, adjectives, phrases, etc.) plus one related specifically to the practice of pharmacy (i.e., parts of the body, drug formulations, selected disease conditions, etc.). Group interaction and role-playing are utilized. The course is directed at students not fluent in Spanish.

Credits: 1.5

PSCI 1323

Use and Abuse of Drugs

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This elective course provides an in-depth review of neuropharmacology of substances of abuse including stimulants, depressants and inhalants, ethanol, opioids, hallucinogens, marijuana, anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs. In addition, an overview of drug use, drug use as a social problem, drug products and their regulations, the nervous system, the mechanism of action of drugs, preventing substance abuse and substance abuse and dependence will also be covered.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PHID 1503 Integrated Sequence 3

PSCI 1342

Introduction to Classical Homeopathy

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The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is rapidly growing in the U.S. This elective provides an overview of the CAM, homeopathy. Topics include history, philosophy, research, pharmacy, and acute case taking. Students will learn OTC usages for common remedies. Student participation and class discussion are strongly emphasized.

Credits: 1.5

PSCI 1347

Pharmaceutical Formulation and Analysis

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Pharmaceutical Formulation and Analysis is a supplement to Pharmaceutics 1 & 2. This elective course is a hands-on, lab- based course that integrates the fundamental pharmaceutics concepts underlying drug product formulation and analysis with the practice of pharmacy compounding. This integration is critical in helping pharmacy compounders understand the importance of product quality and how multiple variables may affect the quality of their products.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PSCI 1542 Pharmaceutics 2

PSCI 1354

Sterile Products

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This course covers the fundamental concepts related to the formulation, manufacture, quality assurance, and clinical preparation and administration of sterile products. Topics will include formulation and compatibility considerations, sterility assurance and aseptic technique including a review of USP Chapter <797>, packaging, compounding methods and calculations, therapeutic issues, and advances in parenteral technologies. Laboratory sessions will focus on aseptic technique and familiarization with equipment used to prepare and administer parenteral medications.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PSCI 1542 Pharmaceutics 2

PSCI 1356

Nanopharmaceuticals

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Nanotechnology will revolutionize society in the twenty-first century. The medical application of nanotechnology to all aspects of prevention, diagnosis and therapy of human disease has given rise to nanomedicine. This course will focus on nanoscale drug formulations currently under development. Participants will become familiar with the state-of-the-art of pharmaceutical nanotechnology and acquire a foundation that will enable them to understand upcoming changes that nanoscience will bring to their future profession.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PSCI 1542 Pharmaceutics 2

PSCI 1357

Introduction to Forensic Science for Healthcare Professionals

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The use of forensic toxicology in the battle against the increased abuse of licit and illicit drugs is an important field of study. This course will introduce the main areas of forensic sciences and especially the involvement of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses in discovering and preventing the abuse of drugs.

Credits: 1.5

Prerequisites

PPRA 1524 Pharmacy Law and Public Policy

PSCI 1358

Pharmacogenomics

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Pharmacogenomics has the potential to revolutionize medicine in the twenty-first century. The medical application of human genetics to pharmacotherapy has given rise to the new field of pharmacogenomics. This course will introduce the foundations of pharmacogenomics, discuss the origin of genetic variation on drug action, uptake and metabolism, and specific applications to patient care. Participants of this course will become familiar with the state-of-the-art of pharmacogenomics.

Credits: 1.5

PSCI 1359

Principles of Pharmacy Research Design and Problem Solving

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This is an introductory course in research methods and proposal writing. The course is designed to give students experience in hypothesis and specific aims development and an overview of the use of the scientific study design for solving health/drug-related problems, as well as research methodology and research proposal development. The overall format of the course integrates the didactic lecture material, and research project assignments to provide students with an interactive “how to” learning experience during which they receive feedback on their work.

Credits: 1.5

PSCI 1360

Introduction to Drug, Biologics and Medical Device Regulation

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The course will provide an overview to the FDA regulatory processes regarding the evaluation and development of drug, biologics, and device products. Through interactive lecture format, course work and discussions, participants of this course will gain the basic understanding, and will become familiar with the current principles of regulatory affairs. Topics include the historical development of U.S. drug laws, overview of drug, biologics, and device development process and the FDA, pharmaceutical industry-FDA functions and interactions through approval and monitoring processes, policy-guided science, and some examples of the development of U.S. drug/device laws, shaping history, leading into the present state of regulation.

Credits: 1.5