Kathleen Muldoon, Ph.D.

Glendale, AZ

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Dr. Muldoon received her PhD in anthropology from Washington University in St. Louis. She currently holds the position of Associate Professor of Anatomy at Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, where she teaches anatomy and embryology to medical and allied health students. Dr. Muldoon maintains several distinct areas of scholarly research.

She is an anthropologist involved in several projects that investigate lemur ecology, evolution, and extinction in Madagascar. Her research interests include understanding the biogeographic evolution of mammal communities in Madagascar, and the conservation implications of paleontological work in the Holocene, given the fragile state of living lemur habitats. Dr. Muldoon also maintains active research in the Eocene faunas of Wyoming. 

Through her academic positions at medical schools and experiences with disability, her research and teaching interests have expanded into science communication and medical education, especially the effectiveness of professional education on public health knowledge and empathy. Her interests include evaluating methods for prevention of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection through professional education, and promotion of CMV awareness and behavioral interventions in the community.

Dr. Muldoon's research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society, American Philosophical Society, Sigma Xi, and the Arizona Community Foundation, among others. She has given research seminars and community outreach workshops nationally and internationally, and her work has been featured on National Public Radio.


Glendale, AZ

Arizona College of Osteopathic Medicine
College of Graduate Studies - AZ
College of Health Sciences - AZ
College of Veterinary Medicine


Biomedical Sciences (M.B.S.)
Occupational Therapy
Osteopathic Medicine
Podiatric Medicine
Veterinary Medicine

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Washington University in St. Louis | 2006 | Ph.D.
Washington University in St. Louis | 2003 | M.A.
University of Toronto | 2000 | M.A.
University of Toronto | 1999 | B.Sc.

Courses Taught

Anatomical Sciences (ANATG 1516/1517/1536/1537), Midwestern University

Human Anatomy with Gross Lab (ANATG 502/503/504), Midwestern University

Humanity in Medicine (CLMDG 1316), Midwestern University

Medical Improv (CLMDG 1456), Midwestern University


Since 2015

Pesch MH, Muldoon KM. 2022. Congenital cytomegalovirus knowledge, practices and beliefs   among primary care pediatricians and newborn hospitalists. Journal of Primary Care & Community Health https://doi.org/10.1177/21501319221106880

Muldoon KM. 2022. IMPROVing communication about diversity, equity, and inclusion in health professions education. The Anatomical Record. [Online] http://doi.org/10.1002/ar.24864.

Rasolonjatovo HA, Muldoon KM, Ranivoharimanana L, Goodman SM. 2021. Subfossil birds from a submerged cave in Southwestern Madagascar. Malagasy Nature 15: 128-140. http://www.vahatra.mg/volume15/MN15_Chapitre%2008_Rasolonjatovo.pdf

Godfrey LR, Crowley BE, Muldoon KM, Burns SJ, Scroxton N, Klukkert ZS, Ranivoharimanana L, Alumbaugh J, Borths M, Dart R, Faina P, Goodman SM, Gutierrez IJ, Hansford JP, Hekkala ER, Kinsley CW, Lehman P, Lewis ME, McGee D, Pérez VR, Rahantaharivao NJ, Rakotoarijaona M, Rasolonjatovo HAM, Samonds KE, Turvey ST, Vasey N, Widmann P. 2021. Teasing apart impacts of human activity and regional drought on Madagascar’s large vertebrate fauna: insights from new excavations at Tsimanampesotse and Antsirafaly. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 9: 742203 https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2021.742203

Marcinak S, Mughal MR, Godfrey LR, Bankoff RJ, Randrianatoandro H, Crowley BE, Bergey CM, Muldoon KM, Randrianasy J, Raharivololona BM, Schuster SC, Malhi RS, Yoder AD, Louis Jr EE, Kistler L, Perry GH. 2021. Evolutionary and phylogenetic insights from a nuclear genome sequence of the extinct, giant, subfossil koala lemur Megaladapis edwardsi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118(26): e2022117118 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2022117118

Schneider MC, Graham L, Hornstein AS, LaRiviere KJ, Muldoon KM, Shepherd SL, Wagner R. 2021. Caregiving, disability and gender in academia in the time of COVID-19. Advance Journal 2(3): 2021 https://doi.org/10.5399/osu/ADVJRNL.2.2.5

Dedhia K, Fifer RC, Muldoon KM, Park AH. 2021. A cross-sectional survey evaluating awareness of congenital cytomegalovirus among audiologists and speech language pathologists. American Journal of Audiology 30(1): 145-159 https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_AJA-20-00167

Marcinak S, Mughal MR, Godfrey LR, Bankoff RJ, Randrianatoandro H, Crowley BE, Bergey CM, Muldoon KM, Randrianasy J, Raharivololona BM, Schuster SC, Malhi RS, Yoder AD, Louis Jr EE, Kistler L, Perry GH. 2020. Evolutionary and phylogenetic insights from a nuclear genome sequence of the extinct, giant ‘subfossil’ koala lemur Megaladapis edwardsi. bioRXiv https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.10.16.342907

Muldoon KM. On the role of the non-expert in a crisis. 2020. Plos Sci Comm https://scicomm.plos.org/2020/06/25/on-the-role-of-the-non-expert-in-a-crisis/

Hansford J, Wright PC, Pérez V, Muldoon KM, Turvey S, Godfrey LR. 2020. Evidence for early human arrival in Madagascar is robust: A response to Mitchell. Journal of Coastal and Island Archaeology 15(4): 596-602 https://doi.org/10.1080/15564894.2020.1771482

Muldoon KM, Fowler KM, Pesch MH, Schleiss MR. 2020. SARS-CoV-2: Is it the newest spark in the TORCH? Journal of Clinical Virology 127: 104372 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2020.104372

Muldoon KM, Boppana SB, Spytek KH, Fowler KB. 2020. Maternal cytomegalovirus infection and fetal impairment: uncertainty remains. Clinical Infectious Diseases 70(1): 174 https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz400

Burney DS, Griffiths O, Middleton G, Hume J, Andriamialison H, Perry GJ, Muldoon KM, Godfrey LR, Griffiths C, Perez V, Bourne S, Marchiniak S, Crowley BE, Noromalala E, Jungers WJ, de Boer E, Andrianavoarivelo R, Goodman SM, Wright H. 2019. Subfossil lemur discoveries from Beanka protected area in western Madagascar. Quaternary Research 93: 187-203 https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2019.54

Muldoon KM, Armstrong-Heimsoth A, Thomas J. 2017. Knowledge of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) among physical and occupational therapists in the United States. PLoS ONE 12(10): e0185635 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185635

Godfrey LR, Muldoon KM. 2017. Elwyn Simons: Opening windows into Madagascar’s past. Evolutionary Anthropology 26:105-112 https://doi.org/10.1002/evan.21518

Muldoon KM, Crowley BE, Godfrey LR, Simons EL. 2017. Predation on subfossil Prolemur simus by multiple predator species at Ankarana Massif, northern Madagascar: did predation contribute to the demise of this once widespread species? International Journal of Primatology 38: 58-79 https://doi.org/0.1007/s10764-016-9944-7  

Kamilar JM, Blanco MB, Muldoon KM. 2016. Ecological Niche Modeling of Mouse Lemurs (Microcebus spp.) and its Implications for Their Species Diversity and Biogeography. In SM Lehman, U Radespiel, and E Zimmermann (eds) Dwarf and Mouse Lemurs of Madagascar: Biology, Behavior and Conservation Biogeography of the Cheirogaleidae. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 9781107075597

Goodman SM, Muldoon KM. 2016. A new subfossil locality for the extinct large Malagasy eagle Stephanoaetus mahery (Aves: Falconiformes): implications for time of extinction and ecological specificity. The Holocene 26(6): 985-989 https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683615622554

Godfrey LR, Crowley BE, Muldoon KM, Kelley EA, King SJ, Best AW, Berthaume M. 2016. What did Hadropithecus eat, and why should paleoanthropologists care? American Journal of Primatology 78: 1098-1112. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.22506

Muldoon KM, Goodman SM. 2015. Primates as predictors of mammal community diversity in the forest ecosystems of Madagascar. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136787 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136787

Rosenberger AL, Godfrey LR, Muldoon KM, Gunnell GF, Andriamialison H, Ranivoharimanana L, Ranaivoarisoa JF, Rasoamiaramanana AH. 2015. Giant subfossil lemur graveyard discovered, submerged, in Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution 81: 83-87 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.01.004    

Kistler L, Ratan A, Godfrey LR, Crowley BE, Hughes CE, Lei R, Cui Y, Wood ML, Muldoon KM, Andriamialison H, McGraw JJ, Tomsho LP, Schuster SC, Miller W, Louis EE, Yoder AD, Malhi RS, Perry GH. 2015. Comparative and population mitogenomic analyses of Madagascar's extinct, giant 'subfossil' lemurs. Journal of Human Evolution 79: 45-54 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2014.06.016   

Please contact me for publications prior to 2015.


American Association of Anatomists (Member, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion committee)

Stop CMV AZ / Alto CMV AZ (Co-founder)

National CMV Foundation (Chair, Scientific Advisory Committee)

Society for Vertebrate Paleontology (Member)


Awarded while at Midwestern University:

2021, Arizona Community Foundation, "STOP CMV Arizona-Collaborating with Providers who serve the DHH to Improve Children’s Health" (PI; with Melissa Selbst, EAR Foundation of AZ [PI]), $$23,080 awarded.

2018, National CMV Foundation, “Raising Awareness of CMV in Arizona: Developing and Field Testing Educational Materials” (PI; with Melissa Selbst, EAR Foundation of AZ [PI]), $7495 awarded

2018, National Science Foundation, “Collaborative Research: Flooded caves and fossil lemur graveyards in southwestern Madagascar” (PI; with Brooke Crowley [PI] and Laurie Godfrey [PI]), $44,114 awarded

2015, National Science Foundation, “RAPID Renewal: Underwater primate fossil graveyard is under immediate threat in Madagascar” (PI; with Alfred Rosenberger [PI] and Laurie Godfrey [PI]), $50,374 awarded

2014, National Science Foundation, “RAPID: Underwater primate fossil graveyard is under immediate threat in Madagascar” (PI; with Alfred Rosenberger [PI] and Laurie Godfrey [PI]), $60,603 awarded

2014, National Geographic Foundation, “The Fossils of Aven Cave: Reconnaissance and Recovery of Primate Fossils in a Flooded Malagasy Cave” (PI; with Alfred Rosenberger [PI] and Laurie Godfrey [PI]), $25,420 awarded

More Information

Learn more about CMV at www.stopcmvaz.org (English) or www.altocmvaz.org (Espanol) or www.nationalcmv.org

Follow me on Twitter @ProfMuldoon