Under the tutelage of experienced physicians, specialty board certified in anatomic and clinical pathology, the department's mission is to transition students from the basic sciences learned in their first year into young doctors that can understand, diagnose and treat human disease. Three semesters are taught throughout the second year. Teaching is primarily lecture based with comprehensive coverage of the full spectrum of afflictions affecting patients, with emphasis on early clinical recognition from patient history and presenting signs and symptoms, and the appropriate laboratory and ancillary studies needed to make a definitive diagnosis. Rationale for surgical, pharmacologic and other medical interventions is presented. Extensive use of case studies, and case based examination questions, prepare students for Part I of COMLEX/USMLE.