The grade point average (GPA) is determined by calculating the total number of quality points earned and dividing them by the total number of credits carried. The total quality points earned for each course is determined by multiplying the quality points earned per credit (corresponding to the letter grade) by the number of credits assigned to the course. The student's cumulative grade point average is computed and recorded by the Office of the Registrar. It is calculated initially at the end of the first quarter of enrollment and does not include any grades or credits for courses audited or accepted for advanced standing or for courses with a grade of withdrawal (W), withdrawal failing (WF), or pass (P). Additionally, failing (F) grades for courses that are successfully repeated are not included in the GPA. Under exceptional circumstances and with the approval of the Program/School Director and Dean, students may retake a course in which they received a grade of "C." In such cases, the original grades remain on the transcript but only the new grades are used in the computation of the GPA.