Chair and Professor of Anesthesia

Midwestern University College of Veterinary Medicine
Department of Surgery
Companion Animal Clinic 323-H

19555 N 59th. Ave
Glendale AZ 


BS  Washington State University 1999
DVM Washington State University 2000
Intern Vet Med Surg Group 2001
Resident University of Georgia 2004
MA University of Georgia 2008


Evidence-Based Practice
Clinicians should make decisions about how to manage their patients based on the best evidence available.  Using science to guide decision making falls under evidence-based decision making and, for medical decisions, evidence-based medicine (EBM).  By using EBM, we should achieve the best outcomes for our patients.  EBM revolves around answering clinically relevant questions which the practitioner can immediately apply to clinical cases.

Research projects

Comparison of propofol and ketamine/diazepam for recovery after elective orthopedic surgery in dogs

Necessity of pre-operative bloodwork in apparently healthy dogs

Agreement among anesthesiologists regarding post operative pain assessment in dogs

An analysis of small animal rotating intern applicant personal statements

A systematic review of the effects of injectable and inhalant sedatives and anesthetics on the canine eye

Critical incident technique analysis applied to peri-anesthetic cardiac arrests at a university teaching hospital

Validation of an objective surgical skills checklist

Arrhythmogenic potential of dobutamine in isoflurane-anesthetized horses

Prevalence of pain in dogs with cancer

Impact of veterinarian attire on client perceptions

Client beliefs about cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation in veterinary patients


Thiman J, Northrup N, Saba C, Clarke D, Regan R, Hamilton T, Lindell H, Hofmeister E.  Prospective evaluation of the safety of compounded bulk material L-asparaginase in dogs with  lymphoma.  J Vet Pharmacol Ther 2016 Dec;39(6):572-577.  

Hofmeister EH, McCullick BA.  Best Practice: What can veterinary educators learn from PE teachers?  J Vet Med Educ 2016;43(3):271-274.  

Coleman AE, Shepard MK, Schmiedt CW, Hofmeister EH, Brown SA. Effects of orally administered enalapril on blood pressure and hemodynamic response to vasopressors during isoflurane anesthesia in healthy dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg 2016;43:482-494.

Barletta M, Hofmeister EH, Quandt J.  Determination of minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane in dogs and cats using the up-and-down method. A preliminary study.  Res Vet Sci 2016;106:81-83.

Barletta M, Young CN, Quandt JE, Hofmeister EH.  Agreement between veterinary students and anesthesiologists regarding postoperative pain assessment in dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg 2016;43(1):91-98.

Barletta M, Kleine SA, Hofmeister EH, Thoresen M, Peroni JF, Knych HK, Scharf AM, Quandt JE.  Determination of the minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane that blunts adrenergic responses in sheep and evaluation of the effects of fentanyl.  Am J Vet Res 2016;77(2):119-126.

Hofmeister EH, Saba C, Kent M, Creevy KE.  Relationship between small animal intern rank and performance at a university teaching hospital.  J Vet Med Educ 2015;42(2):107-111.

Kicenuik K, Northrup N, Dawson A, Locke J, Villamil JA, Chretin J, Sfiligoi G, Clifford C, Rosenberg M, Hamilton T, Regan R, Parsons-Doherty M, Mallett C, Philibert J, Impellizeri J, Hofmeister E.  Treatment time, ease of use and cost associated with use of EquashieldTM, PhaSeal® , or no closed system transfer device for administration of cancer chemotherapy to a dog model.  Vet Comp Oncol 2015;Epub

Kleine SA, Quandt JE, Hofmeister EH, Peroni J.  The effect of midazolam on the recovery quality, recovery time and the minimum alveolar concentration for extubation in the isoflurane-anesthetized pig.  Lab Anim 2015;49(2):111-116.

Roth IG, Poon WY, Hofmeister E.  Examination of factors that influence students' average cash transactions in a small-animal primary care environment.  J Vet Med Educ 2014;41(4):400-405.

Kleine S, Hofmeister E, Egan K.  Multivariable analysis of anesthetic factors associated with time to extubation in dogs.  Res Vet Sci 2014;97(3):592-596.

Barletta M, Almondia D, Williams J, Crochik S, Hofmeister E.  Radiographic evaluation of positional atelectasis in sedated dogs breathing room air versus 100% oxygen.  Can Vet J 2014;55(10):985-991.

Hofmeister EH, Quandt J, Braun C, Shepard M.  Development, implementation, and impact of simple patient safety interventions in a university teaching hospital.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2014;41(3):243-248.

Burns B, Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM.  Anesthetic complications in dogs undergoing hepatic surgery: cholecystectomy versus non-cholecystectomy. Vet Anaesth Analg 2014;41(2):186-190.

Shaughnessy M, Hofmeister EH.  A systematic review of sevoflurane and isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration in domestic cats.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2014;41(1):1-13.

Zapata M, Hofmeister EH.  Refinement of the dose of doxapram to counteract the sedative effects of acepromazine in dogs.  J Small Anim Pract 2013;54(8):405-408.

Smith JR, Packman ZR, Hofmeister EH.  Multimodal evaluation of the effectiveness of a hand hygiene educational campaign at a small animal veterinary teaching hospital.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013;243(7):1042-1048.

Shepard MK, Divers S, Braun C, Hofmeister EH.  Pharmacodynamics of alfaxalone after single-dose intramuscular administration in red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans): a comparison of two different doses at two different ambient temperatures.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2013; 40(6):590-598.

Trim CM, Hofmeister EH, Peroni JF, Thoresen M.  Evaluation of an oscillometric blood pressure monitor for use in anesthetized sheep.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2013; 40(6):e31-39.

Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM, Egger CM, Kang S.  Additional variables identified as significant predictors of successful return of spontaneous circulation in cardiac arrest and resuscitation.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2013;243(4):480 (Letter to Editor)

Hofmeister EH.  Anesthetic overdose leading to cardiac arrest diagnosed by end-tidal inhalant concentration analysis in a dog.  Case Rep Vet Med 2013; Article ID 720137, 3 pages,

Maney JK, Shepard MK, Braun C, Cremer J, Hofmeister EH.  A comparison of cardiopulmonary and anesthetic effects of an induction dose of alfaxalone or propofol in dogs.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2013; 40(3): 237-244.

Moran CE, Hofmeister EH.  Prevalence of pain in a university veterinary intensive care unit.  J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2013;23(1):29-36.

Yoon YJ, Park C, Hofmeister E, Kang S.  Group variable selection in cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation data for veterinary patients.  J App Stat 2012; 39(7): 1605-1621.

Vance A, Nelson M, Hofmeister EH.  Adverse reactions following administration of an ionic iodinated contrast media in anesthetized dogs.  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2012;48(3):172-175.

Brainard BM, Hofmeister EH.  Anesthesia.  In: Veterinary Surgery: Small Animal.  Eds: Tobias & Johnston.  Saunders, 2011.  pp.

Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM, Braun C, Figueiredo JP.  Effect of a heat and moisture exchanger on heat loss in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs undergoing single-limb orthopedic procedures.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;239(12):1561- 1565.

Mouney MC, Accola PJ, Cremer J, Shepard MK, Rodriguez Guarin C, Hofmeister EH.  Effects of acepromazine maleate or morphine on tear production before, during, and after sevoflurane anesthesia in dogs.  Am J Vet Res 2011;72(11):1427-1430.

Glassman M, Hofmeister E, Weh JM, Roach W, Torres B, Johnston S, Budsberg S.  Radiographic quantitative assessment of caudal proximal tibial angulation in 100 dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture.  Vet Surg 2011;40(7):830-838.

Freeman AC, Platt SR, Kent M, Hofmeister E.  What is the Evidence?  MRI diagnosis of brain tumors in dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;239(1):60-62.

Shaver SL, Hofmeister EH.  What is the Evidence?  Epidural analgesia in dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;238(11):1410-1411.

Vance A, Hofmeister EH, Laas C, Williams J.  The effects of extubation with an inflated versus deflated endotracheal tube cuff on endotracheal fluid volume in the dog.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2011;38(3):203-207.

Shepard MK, Accola PJ, Lopez LA, Shaughnessy MR, Hofmeister EH.Effect of duration and type of anesthetic on tear production in dogs.  Am J Vet Res 2011;72(5):608-612.

Rodriguez-Guarin C, Hofmeister EH, Divers SJ, Rapaport GS.  Anesthesia case of the month: Atrial fibrillation in a ferret.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;238:43-45.

Hofmeister EH, Muilenburg JL, Kogan L, Elrod SM.  Over-the-counter stimulant, depressant, and nootropic use by veterinary students. J Vet Med Educ 2010;37:403-416.

Hofmeister EH.  Hypotension.  In: Mazzaferro E, ed.  Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Small Animal Emergency and Critical Care, 1st edn. Ames: Blackwell Publishing; pp.383-388.

Hofmeister EH, Chandler MJ, Read MR, Chandler MJ.  Effects of acepromazine, hydromorphone, or an acepromazine-hydromorphone combination on the degree of sedation in clinically normal dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;237:1155-1159.

Shaughnessy MR, Hofmeister EH.  What is the evidence? Pulse oximetry in dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2010;236:55-56.

Lopez LA, Hofmeister EH, Pavez JC, Brainard BM.  Comparison of recovery from anesthesia with isoflurane, sevoflurane, or desflurane in healthy dogs. Am J Vet Res 2009;70:1339-1344.

Voulgaris DA, Hofmeister EH.  Multivariate analysis of factors associated with post-anesthetic times to standing in isoflurane-anesthetized horses: 381 cases.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2009;36:414-420.

Hofmeister EH, Weinstein WL, Burger D, Brainard BM, Accola PJ, Moore PA.  Effects of graded doses of propofol for anesthetia induction on cardiovascular parameters and intraocular pressures in normal dogs. Vet Anaesth Analg 2009;36:442-448.

Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM, Egger CM, Kang S.  Prognostic indicators for dogs and cats with cardiopulmonary arrest treated by cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation at a university teaching hospital.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2009;235:50-57.

Egger C, McCrackin MA, Hofmeister E, Touzot-Jourde G, Rohrbach B. Efficacy of preanesthetic intramuscular administration of ephedrine for prevention of anesthesia-induced hypotension in cats and dogs.  Can Vet J 2009;50:179-184.

Hofmeister EH, Watson V, Snyder LBC, Love EJ.  Validity and client use of information from the World Wide Web regarding veterinary anesthesia in dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;233:1860-1864.

Sams L, Braun C, Allman D, Hofmeister E.  A comparison of the effects of propofol and etomidate on the induction of anesthesia and on cardiopulmonary parameters in dogs.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2008;35:488-494.

Hofmeister E, Peroni JF, Fisher AT.  Effects of carbon dioxide insufflation and body position on blood gas values in horses anesthetized for laparoscopy.  J Eq Vet Sci 2008;28:549-553.

Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM, Sams LM, Allman DA, Cruse AM.  Evaluation of induction characteristics and hypnotic potency of isoflurane and sevoflurane in healthy dogs.  Am J Vet Res 2008;69:451-456.

Hofmeister EH, Thompson BF, Brainard BM, Kegge S, Kube S, Egger CM, Kimura YM, Jehn C, Green B.  Survey of academic veterinarians' attitudes towards provision of cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation and discussion of resuscitation with clientele.  J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2008;18:133-141.

Hofmeister EH, Thompson BF, Brainard BM, Kegge S, Kube S, Egger CM, Jehn C, Green B.  Survey of academic veterinarians' clinical practice in cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation.  J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2008;18:142- 152.

Hofmeister EH, Williams CO, Braun C, Moore PA.  Propofol versus thiopental: effects on peri-induction intraocular pressures in normal dogs.  Vet Anaesth  Analg 2008;35:275-281.

Sams LM, Hofmeister EH.  Anesthesia case of the month.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008;232:206-209.

Hofmeister EH, Mackey EB, Trim CM. Effect of butorphanol administration on cardiovascular parameters in isoflurane-anesthetized horses - a retrospective clinical evaluation.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2008;35:38-44.

Hofmeister EH, Trim CM, Kley S, Cornell K.  Traumatic endotracheal intubation in a cat.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2007;34:213-216.

Hofmeister EH, Kent M, Read MR.  Paravertebral block for forelimb anesthesia in the dog - an anatomic study.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2007;34;139-142.

Aragon CL, Hofmeister EH, Budsberg SC.  Systematic review of clinical trials of treatments for osteoarthritis in dogs.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2007;4:514-521.

Hofmeister EH, King J, Read MR, Budsberg SC.  Sample size and statistical power in the small-animal analgesia literature.  J Small Anim Pract  2007 48:76-79.

Braun C, Hofmeister EH, Lockwood AA, Parfitt SL.  Effects of diazepam or lidocaine premedication on propofol induction and cardiovascular parameters in dogs.  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2007;43:8-12.

Hofmeister EH, Williams CO, Braun C, Moore PA.  Influence of lidocaine and diazepam on peri-induction intraocular pressures in dogs anesthetized with propofol-atracurium.  Can J Vet Res 2006;70(4):251-256.

Hofmeister EH, Mosunic CB, Torres BT, Ralph AG, Moore PA, Read MR.  Effects of ketamine, diazepam, and their combination on intraocular pressures in clinically normal dogs.  Am J Vet Res 2006;67:1136-1139.

Stiffler KS, Stevenson MA, Sanchez S, Barsanti JA, Hofmeister E, Budsberg SC. Prevalence and characterization of urinary tract infections in dogs with surgically treated type I thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. Vet Surg 2006;35:330-336.

Hofmeister EH, Herrington JL, Mazzaferro EM. Opioid dysphoria in three dogs.  J Vet Emerg Crit Care 2006;16:44-49.

Gorgi AA, Hofmeister EH, Higginbotham MJ, Kent M.  Effect of body position on cranial migration of epidurally injected methylene blue in recumbent dogs. Am J Vet Res 2006;67:219-221.

Hofmeister EH, Hernandez-Divers SJ.  Anesthesia case of the month.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;227(5):718-720.

Hofmeister EH, Read MR, Brainard BM.  Evaluating veterinarians' and veterinary students' knowledge and clinical use of pulse oximetry. J Vet Med Educ 2005;32(2):272-277.

Hofmeister EH, Egger CM. Evaluation of diphenhydramine as a sedative for dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2005;226(7):1092-1094.

Hofmeister EH, Keenan K, Egger CM. Dobutamine-induced bradycardia in a dog.  Vet Anaesth Analg 2005;32:107-111.

Hofmeister EH, Egger CM. Transdermal fentanyl patches in small animals.  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2004;40(6):468-478.

Hofmeister EH, Egger CM, Keenan K. Anesthesia case of the month.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;224(2):209-211.

Hofmeister EH. Anesthesia for the acute abdomen patient. Clin Tech Sm Anim Pract 2003;18(1):45-52.

Hofmeister EH, Cumming MS, Dhein CR. Owner documentation of coprophagy in the dog.  On J Vet Res  2003;7:17-25.

Hofmeister EH. Cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation: The challenge of reversing death. Vet Tech 2002;23(7):386-392.

Hofmeister EH. New puppy suddenly in seizures.  Vet Forum 2002;19(2):68-69.

Hofmeister EH. Once bitten, twice shy. Vet Tech 2001;22(6): 317-321.

Hofmeister E, Kippenes H, Mealey KL, Cantor GH, Lohr CV. Functional cystic thyroid adenoma in a cat.  J Am Vet Med Assoc 2001;219(2): 190-193.